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So far sgoforth has created 17 blog entries.

Sumerian Cuneiform Tablet

Sumerian Cuneiform Tablet c. 2200 BCE  Discovered in Northern Syria, this small clay tablet records a purchase in archaic cuneiform script (pictograph). Translated by Dr. David Musgrave, Ph.D. in 2016, the translation below reveals what information can be discerned by the small tablet. All lines diš one (Akkadian numeral) Line 5 še [...]

2020-01-09T22:20:21+00:00January 9th, 2020|Categories: COLLECTIONS|Tags: |

Pilate Inscription

Pilate Inscription c. 26–37 CE | Reproduction According to the Gospels, Pontius Pilate was the prefect, or governor, of the Roman province of Judea at the time Jesus of Nazareth was crucified. In 1961, Italian archaeologists working at Caesarea, the Roman administrative capital in Judea, found a stone bearing a building [...]

2020-01-09T21:55:59+00:00January 9th, 2020|Categories: COLLECTIONS|Tags: |

Israelite Mud Brick

Israelite Mud Brick c. 1500–1400 BCE | Reproduction Orna Cohen’s reproduction shows the typical brick used to construct the standard Israelite house (also ‘four-room house’ or ‘pillared house’) found in Egypt as well as early Israelite sites. The process of its construction includes four days of kneading a mixture of topsoil, water, and straw [...]

2020-01-09T21:51:33+00:00January 2nd, 2020|Categories: COLLECTIONS|Tags: |

Tel Dan Inscription

Tel-Dan Inscription  c. 870–750 BCE | Museum Replica, the original is located in The Israel Museum, Jerusalem Claiming to have vanquished thousands before personally dispatching both of his royal opponents, an Aramean king boasting of his victory over the “king of Israel” and the “king of the House of David.” The [...]

2019-12-31T17:58:54+00:00December 31st, 2019|Categories: COLLECTIONS|Tags: |

Temple Court Inscription

Temple Court Inscription 23 BCE – 70 CE | Museum Replica, original located in The Israel Museum, Jerusalem Herod the Great’s expansion of the Temple Mount included a large outer court surrounding the Temple called the Court of the Gentiles. Gentiles of any race could enter into this court, though only Jews [...]

2019-12-31T17:07:08+00:00December 31st, 2019|Categories: COLLECTIONS|Tags: |

Leningrad Codex

Leningrad Codex c. 1008 CE | Facsimile, the original is located in the Russian National Library in St. Petersburg. The Leningrad Codex is the oldest complete manuscript of the Hebrew Bible in Hebrew, using the Masoretic Text. Originally discovered by the Crimean Karaite Jewish collector Abraham Firkovich, the Leningrad Codex was taken [...]

2020-01-09T21:51:53+00:00December 31st, 2019|Categories: COLLECTIONS|Tags: |

Codex Sinaiticus

Codex Sinaiticus c. 330–360 CE | Facsimile, the original leaves are located in the British Library, Leipzig University, Saint Catherine's Monastery, and the Russian National Library in St. Petersburg. Codex Sinaiticus or "Sinai Bible" is one of the two oldest of the four great uncial codices. The others include: Codex Vaticanus (early [...]

2019-12-31T16:10:38+00:00December 31st, 2019|Categories: COLLECTIONS|Tags: |

DSS Deuteronomy Scroll 4Q41

DSS Deuteronomy Scroll (4Q41) 30-1 BCE | Facsimile, the original is located in the John Rylands Library at the University of Manchester, UK. Found amongst the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS), this fragmented scroll contains portions of text from Deuteronomy 5:1-33; 6:1; 8:5-10. Designated 4Q41 because it was found in the 4th cave [...]

2019-12-26T22:43:59+00:00December 26th, 2019|Categories: COLLECTIONS|Tags: |

John Rylands Papyrus P52

John Rylands Papyrus (P52 or John Rylands P457) c. 125-150 CE | Facsimile, the original is located in the John Rylands Library at the University of Manchester, UK. Acquired by Bernard Grenfell in 1920, on the Egyptian market, the John Rylands Papyrus is generally accepted as the earliest extant record of [...]

2019-12-26T22:31:26+00:00December 26th, 2019|Categories: COLLECTIONS|Tags: |

Gezer Calendar

Gezer Calendar 1000–901 BCE | Museum Replica, original located in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum This limestone tablet was discovered in Gezer by R.A.S. Macalister in 1908. It is inscribed with seven lines of ancient Hebrew script and cites an annual cycle of agricultural activity. The lower left edge of the tablet has [...]

2019-12-26T22:42:13+00:00December 26th, 2019|Categories: COLLECTIONS|Tags: |