c. 550 BCE
Artemis was the Greek goddess of hunting, wild nature, and chastity. Regarded as a patron of girls and young women and a protectress during childbirth, she was worshiped across the Greek world. Her most famous cult site was as a fertility goddess at the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. To the Romans, she was known as Diana. And according to local custom, she was born in Ephesus.