Roman Sword

c. 300 BCE–300 CE

The primary sword (Lat. gladius) of Ancient Roman foot soldiers, features a weighted pommel and was used primarily for thrusting rather than slashing. Prior to the 3rd century BCE, Roman swords were much like those of the Greeks (Gr. xiphos). After the conquest of Hispania (Spain), the displayed sword style became prominent, and was known as the gladius hispaniensis, or “Hispanic sword.”